What are the different types of Java frameworks?

A framework is a platform that is used for develop Software applications. Here we are going to see about some of the trending Java frameworks, there are many java frameworks available in the market, important frameworks are,

  • Spring MVC
  • Grail
  • Hibernate
  • Struts 2, etc.

Spring MVC

The Spring MVC framework is designed as a layered J2EE and Java framework integrating specially applied sciences. This framework designed for Internet applications. The spring web MVC framework provides model-view-controller architecture used to develop flexible web applications. How MVC works,

Spring MVC framework is designed around central servlet is called Dispatcher Servlet used for handling HTTP request and response. It can be integrated with other frameworks like Hibernate, JSF etc.


Grail is an open source Groovy (Programming language) framework for web applications. The principles of Grail is convention over configuration (CoC) and don’t repeat yourself (DRY). Grail has a tighter integration to the Java platform

Given below is how grail architecture would look like.

Grails supports a more agile development approach. This framework is highly inspired on Rails framework. Now it takes an advantage of java technology like Spring.

Grail is easy to learn. It integrated with ORM (Object-Relational mapping) support. In this framework Expressive DSL (Domain Specific Language) is used for querying and validation etc.


Hibernate provides a framework for mapping an object-oriented domain model into a relational database. Its main primary feature is mapping from java classes to database tables and mapping from java datatypes to SQL data types. This is a free software and is distributed by General public license version 2.1. Hibernate helps backend developers fine-tune the data access layer.

Best part of Hibernate allows developer to communicate with any database using tiny alterations. It also has a object handling functions.

Struts 2

This framework also most popular framework for developing java based web applications. It is designed for J2EE platform. It used to extend the Java Servlet API for developers to adopt a MVC architecture. Struts 2 is easy to extend with plugins.

Excited to learn about these Java Frameworks? 

August 30, 2018
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